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Magnetic Surveys Over the Hawaiian Islands and Their Geologic Implications

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Title:Magnetic Surveys Over the Hawaiian Islands and Their Geologic Implications
Authors:Malahoff, Alexander
Woollard, G.P.
Date Issued:Jul 1966
Publisher:University of Hawai'i Press
Citation:Malahoff A, Woollard GP. 1966. Magnetic surveys over the Hawaiian Islands and their geologic implications. Pac Sci 20(3): 265-311.
Abstract:A geophysical and geological analysis is made of a total field magnetic
survey of the major islands of Hawaii. It is established that the regional distortion
of the earth's normal magnetic field due to the topographic mass of the Hawaiian
Ridge rising in places to over 30,000 ft above the ocean floor seldom exceeds 150
gammas. On each island, local magnetic anomalies having the form of lenticular and
circular dipoles are found. The lenticular dipole anomalies appear to be related to
crustal rifts that have been invaded by magmatic material of mantle origin , and the
circular dipole anomalies are associated with primary areas of volcanic eruption.
Although the inferred crustal rifts have surface geologic expression in some areas,
such as the Koolau Mountains on Oahu, for the most part they do not. Furthermore,
offshore magnetic data indicate that these features extend beyond the islands and out
into the adjacent , deep-water , oceanic area where they can be traced for 100 miles
or more. The most pronounced of these features is associated with the ocean floor
Molokai Fracture Zone, which magnetically extends across the Hawaiian Ridge
without interruption for an unknown distance to the west. The circular dipole
anomalies appear to represent the effect of intrusions in volcanic pipes or vents
rising from these crustal rifts which strike essentially east-west on the islands of
Hawaii, Lanai, Maui, and Molokai, and west northwest-east southeast on Oahu,
Kauai, and Niihau. With two exceptions, all of the anomalies indicate normal
polarization conformable with the earth's present field.
Appears in Collections: Pacific Science Volume 20, Number 3, 1966

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