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WRRCTR No.39 Model Studies of Tidal Effects on Ground Water Hydraulics

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Title:WRRCTR No.39 Model Studies of Tidal Effects on Ground Water Hydraulics
Authors:Williams, John A.
Wada, Ronald N.
Wang, Ru-Yih
LC Subject Headings:Groundwater -- Electromechanical analogies.
Groundwater -- Hydraulic models.
Groundwater -- Mathematical models.
Date Issued:May 1970
Publisher:Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Citation:Williams JA, Waka RN, Wang R-Y. 1970. Model studies of tidal effects on ground water hydraulics. Honolulu (HI): Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa. WRRC technical report, 39.
Series:WRRC Technical Report
Abstract:This report presents the results of a model study on the propagation of periodic fluctuations in the piezometric head through a saturated porous media. Three different models were employed: a hydraulic model, a mathematical model, and an electrical analog model. The hydraulic model consisted of one or more layers of polyurethene foam placed in a lucite tank. The foam was tested in a confined and unconfined condition using both a no-flow and a constant-head boundary
condition at the internal boundary. The mathematical and electric analog models duplicated the conditions in the hydraulic model. The results of the study indicate that diffusion theory can describe
the propagation of such disturbances provided that the boundary conditions are satisfied and that the correct diffusion coefficient is employed. The calculation of the correct diffusion coefficient requires
that an appropriate storage coefficient and an apparent porosity be used for the confined and unconfined models, respectively.
For the unconfined case, the ratio of the apparent porosity to the true porosity is of the same order of magnitude for both the polyurethene foam and a Sacramento River sand.
Pages/Duration:vii + 80 pages
Appears in Collections: WRRC Technical Reports

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