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Shelter-in-Place: Designing a Resilient Hawaiʻi Against Coastal and Flood Vulnerabilities

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Title:Shelter-in-Place: Designing a Resilient Hawaiʻi Against Coastal and Flood Vulnerabilities
Authors:Yamamotoya, Kristyn A.
Contributors:Sierralta, Karla (advisor)
Architecture (department)
Coastal Hazards
Emergency Shelters
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Date Issued:2021
Publisher:University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Abstract:Hawaiʻi has a unique geographic location. We are in the middle of the Pacific Ocean and the Ring of Fire, which makes Hawaiʻi a prominent target for tropical cyclones and tsunami disasters. These disasters have significant trailing hazards that have caused damaging impacts to Hawai’i.We have built our developments bordering the coastlines on Oʻahu and neighboring islands, leaving us the most vulnerable to coastal and flooding hazards. When these hazards cause warnings for the islands, we have two options: shelter-in-place or evacuate to a shelter. While public shelters are limited in space and lack infrastructure capabilities, they are deemed “last resort options.” To shelter-in-place is the most logical and convenient choice.
During the last two decades, Hawaiʻi has experienced countless coastal and flood hazards, damaging property, and disrupting the lives of Hawaiʻi residents. This dissertation study attempts to bridge the gap between Oʻahu’s current state of emergency shelters, coastline development, and the preparation of future disaster strikes. The purpose of this research is to explore design opportunities to improve and innovate sheltering-in-place on Oʻahu in both safe and vulnerable areas affected by coastal and flooding hazards.
Learnings from past disasters and coastal design precedent studies inform the design framework of sheltering-in-place. The design framework encompasses four components 1. Safety, 2. Flooding, 3. Self-sustain, and 4. Prepare. These components are represented as a kit-of-parts promoting a variety of configurations to best fit the site-specific hazards. Two proposals for sheltering-in-place are presented to provide options in need of crisis. Both proposals will attempt to be resilient and adaptive to site-specific coastal and flooding hazards while being independent and self-sustaining against possible isolation from resources.
Pages/Duration:129 pages
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: D.ARCH. - Architecture

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