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The Effects of Awareness-Raising with a Strong Component of Noticing to Listener Responses in Japanese

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Title:The Effects of Awareness-Raising with a Strong Component of Noticing to Listener Responses in Japanese
Authors:Shek, Ching
Keywords:listener response
reactive token
head nods
Date Issued:2020
Abstract:The sociocultural aspect in Japanese conversation has shown that Japanese speakers put emphasis on mutual coordination and social bonds. One such conversational practice is the use of Reactive Tokens (RT) termed by Clancy et al. (1996) where listeners use small bits of vocal behavior to exhibit understanding without disrupting the speaker. Japanese speakers make use of RTs to establish intersubjectivity, and such practices shape the sociocultural aspect of omoiyari, also known as consideration for others. Native speakers of English also use RTs, albeit with different underlying expectations. As a result, English speakers learning Japanese tend to misplace their use of RTs when speaking Japanese. Consequently, this can appear inattentive rather than displaying mutual alignment to their conversation partner. This study investigates whether pragmatic-focused explicit instructions with a significant component of noticing can support learners’ increase in target like production of RTs and its appropriate placement. This study contributes to the pedagogical implication for mediating cross cultural communication as well as cultural pragmatic competency for both educators and learners. This quasi-experimental study employs a pre and post-test, alongside 4 different interventions as a way to raise awareness to head nods, and RTs during regular class hours.
Pages/Duration:40 pages
Rights:Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
Appears in Collections: Volume 2, Fall 2020

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