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Fungus Populations in Marine Waters and Coastal Sands of the Hawaiian, Line, and Phoenix Islands
|Title:||Fungus Populations in Marine Waters and Coastal Sands of the Hawaiian, Line, and Phoenix Islands|
|Authors:||Steele, Carol W.|
|Issue Date:||Jul 1967|
|Publisher:||University of Hawai'i Press|
|Citation:||Steele CW. 1967. Fungus populations in marine waters and coastal sands of the Hawaiian, Line, and Phoenix Islands. Pac Sci 21(3): 317-331.|
|Abstract:||Saprophytic and facultative parasitic fungi present in the coastal
waters and adjacent pelagic areas of the Hawaiian Islands, and in coastal sands
of the Hawaiian, Line, and Phoenix islands, were isolated by plating methods.
Isolates from all areas sampled indicate that abundant and varied fungus populations
do exist in these environments. The number of fungi obtained from the
inshore neritic zone was seven times that obtained from the oceanic zone. The
fungus Aureobasidium pullulans (De Bary) Arnaud was isolated repeatedly from
oceanic waters. A comparison is made between the genera and the average number
of isolates per liter of water known from the Atlantic Ocean with those found in
this study of the Pacific Ocean. The number of fungi isolated from sand samples
of the different islands ranged from 2 to 1,600 per gram. Species diversity was
evident throughout the samples. The leeward Hawaiian islands had a higher average
number of isolates per gram than any other island group. In conclusion the
problems of defining a marine fungus are discussed.
|Appears in Collections:||Pacific Science Volume 21, Number 3, 1967|
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