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ItemIs Ethics Really Such a Big Deal? The Influence of Perceived Usefulness of AI-based Surveillance Technology on Ethical Decision-Making in Scenarios of Public Surveillance( 2021-01-05)So far, ethical perspectives have been neglected in empirical research focusing on the acceptance of artificial intelligence (AI)-based surveillance technologies on an individual level. This paper addresses this research gap by examining the individual moral intent to accept AI-based surveillance technologies deployed in public scenarios. After a thorough literature review to identify antecedents of moral intent, we surveyed n = 112 American participants in an online survey on mTurk and analyzed the data by using a fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis. The resulting antecedent configurations provide insights into the inherent ethical decision-making process and thus contribute to a better understanding of the causality for accepting or rejecting AI-based surveillance technologies. Our findings emphasize in particular the influence of perceived usefulness of the technology on the ethical decision-making process.
ItemIntegrating Digital Nomads in Corporate Structures: Managerial Contemplations( 2021-01-05)The digitization of the world of work affects individuals and organizations alike. Across industries, technological and structural progress offers new potential for individuals to re-organize their work independently of time and place. In this context, the popularized catchphrase of ‘digital nomadism’ has become an absorbing blueprint for research on the future of work. However, at this point we do not know how organizations can best react to this emerging shift of employee preferences. In this study, we identify hitherto unknown managerial, organizational, and technological implications of integrating digital nomads into corporate structures. The results of expert interviews with executives from various industries shed light on barriers and motivators for corporations to recruit, lead, and retain digital nomads as part of their workforce. Ultimately, we found managers to wrestle with paradoxical attitudes towards digital nomad integration by clearly advocating the flexibilization of working models but resisting cultural change.
ItemA Polarization Approach for Understanding Online Conflicts in Times of Pandemic: A Brazilian Case Study( 2021-01-05)As society becomes digitalized, online social networks tend to be primary places for debate but can turn into a battlefield for imposing conflicting narratives. Automating the identification of online conflicts is a challenge due to difficulties in defining antagonist communities and controversial discussions. Here, we propose a polarization approach for understanding Twitter conflicts in Brazil during the COVID-19 pandemic, where a small group of polarizers influences a larger group of polarizees according to their ideological leaning. Polarizers are automatically identified by centrality metrics in following, retweet, and reply networks, and manually labeled as leftists, rightists, or undefined. We collected and analyzed the polarization of 21 potentially conflicted political events in Brazil. Our results show that polarizers adequately represent the polarization of events, the traditional media is giving way to a new breed of tweeters, and retweet and reply play different roles within a conflict that reflects their polarization level.
ItemIntroduction to the Minitrack on Digital Society( 2021-01-05)