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Native Hawaiian Cotton (Gossypium tomentosum Nutt.)

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Title:Native Hawaiian Cotton (Gossypium tomentosum Nutt.)
Authors:Stephens, S.G.
Date Issued:Oct 1964
Publisher:University of Hawai'i Press
Citation:Stephens SG. 1964. Native Hawaiian cotton (Gossypium tomentosum Nutt.). Pac Sci 18(4): 385-398.
Abstract:Although the wild cotton, Gossypium tomentosum
Nutt., is one of the more common
of the few endemic species which still survive
on the coastal plains of the Hawaiian Islands, it
remains relatively unknown to the geneticist.
Elsewhere it has been grown with indifferent
success in experimental culture. Under such diverse
conditions as those found in the West
Indies, southern Mexico, the U. S. cotton belt,
and in greenhouse culture, it flowers sparingly
and even less frequently sets seeds. As a consequence,
experimental studies have been very
restricted, and cytogenetic analysis has been confined
almost entirely to the few crosses which
have been made with annual forms of the
related New World species, G. barbadense L.
and G. hirsutum L. To the technical difficulties
may be added the lack of representative collections
of the species in culture. The few accessions
studied have usually been obtained from the
more readily available Oahu populations, and
less frequently from Molokai. These have been
supplied to cotton geneticists through the courtesy
of resident Hawaiian botanists, J. F. Rock,
O. Degener, A. Mangelsdorf, and others, and
patiently resupplied as fast as the stocks in
culture expired.
Appears in Collections: Pacific Science Volume 18, Number 4, 1964

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