Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/7066

Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) Communication: The Context and Potential Functions of Pec-Slapping Behavior on the Hawaiian Wintering Grounds

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Item Summary

dc.contributor.advisor Deakos, Mark H
dc.contributor.author Deakos, Mark H.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-03-06T19:39:40Z
dc.date.available 2009-03-06T19:39:40Z
dc.date.issued 2002-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/7066
dc.description xvii, 148 leaves
dc.description.abstract Humpback whales display a variety of percussive behaviors that may function as communication between conspecifics. Pectoral-fin slapping behavior is commonly observed in a variety of marine mammals including seals, dolphins, and humpback whales. Data from 5-years of behavioral observations of humpback whales on the Hawaiian wintering grounds were compiled and analyzed. Overall findings suggest pec-slapping behavior is dependent on the performer's age class, sex, and social role. Adult females appear to pec-slap in competition groups in efforts to encourage competition from surrounding males, indicating her readiness to mate. Adult males pec-slap while disaffiliating from other males, possibly in attempts to maintain a non-agonistic male association. Subadult pee slapping is likely a form of "play", an important characteristic in the development, coordination, and learning in young mammals. These discoveries can serve as tools to enhance the interpretation of humpback whale social behavior, and provide a model for understanding other percussive behaviors.
dc.publisher University of Hawaii at Manoa
dc.relation Theses for the degree of Master of Arts (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Psychology; no. 3025
dc.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
dc.rights.uri https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/2144
dc.title Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) Communication: The Context and Potential Functions of Pec-Slapping Behavior on the Hawaiian Wintering Grounds
dc.type Thesis
dc.type.dcmi Text
dc.contributor.department Psychology
dc.date.graduated 2002-12
local.identifier.callnumber CB5 .H3 no. 3025
local.thesis.degreelevel MA
Appears in Collections: M.A. - Psychology


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