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Rethinking a focus on grammar: From drills to processing instruction-data from the French subjunctive

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Title:Rethinking a focus on grammar: From drills to processing instruction-data from the French subjunctive
Authors:Wong, Wynne
Date Issued:01 Jan 2008
Publisher:Heinle Cengage Learning
Citation:Wong, W. (2008). Rethinking a focus on grammar: From drills to processing instruction-data from the French subjunctive. The American Association of University Supervisors, Coordinators and Directors of Foreign Languages Programs (AAUSC), 72-92. http://hdl.handle.net/102015/69658
Abstract:This chapter first discusses how views about grammar instruction have changed over time as research in second language acquisition (SLA) has helped members of the profession develop a fuller understanding of how languages are acquired. Processing instruction, a type of focus-on-form instruction that uses structured
input activities, is presented as an example of one type of grammar instruction that is grounded in theory and research in SLA. Following a review of current research in PI, data from a study on the French subjunctive are provided.This study examined the relative effects of processing instruction (PI), traditional instruction (TI), meaningful output instruction (MOI), structured input (SI), and explicit
information (EI) on the development of the French subjunctive measured by a
sentence-level interpretation and production task. Results of the interpretation task reveal that there was no difference between the performance of the PI and MOI groups, and that both groups fared significantly better than the TI and EI groups in terms of performance, with no difference found between the TI an EI groups.There were also no significant differences between the performance of the PI, MOI, and SI groups, or between the performance of the SI and EI groups. On the production task, the MOI group had significantly better performance
than the TI group, but there is no difference between the performance of
the TI and EI groups. PI did not appear to be significantly different from any of
the other four treatments (MOI,TI,SI, EI) in terms of effectiveness.In conclusion, the chapter suggests new directions in PI research and implications for program language direction.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10125/69658
Volume:2008
Appears in Collections: 2008 CONCEPTIONS OF L2 GRAMMAR: THEORETICAL APPROACHES AND THEIR APPLICATION IN THE L2 CLASSROOM


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