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Comparison of Three Different Esterase Phenotype Isolates of the Kona Coffee Root-Knot Nematode, Meliodogyne Konaensis

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Title: Comparison of Three Different Esterase Phenotype Isolates of the Kona Coffee Root-Knot Nematode, Meliodogyne Konaensis
Authors: Xu, Kaimei
Advisor: Sipes, Brent S
Issue Date: Dec 2002
Publisher: University of Hawaii at Manoa
Abstract: The esterase phenotype of female Meloidogyne konaensis (MK) was originally described as a single fast band (F1). Culturing MK, originally isolated from coffee, on tomato resulted in the detection of two additional phenotypes (I1-FI and I1). These three M. konaensis esterase phenotypes (MKF1, MKl1-FI and MKI1) were evaluated for molecular and morphological behavior. The isolate MKI1-F1 exhibited two esterase bands (F1 and I1). The MKI1 exhibited a slow migrating band identical to that of M. incognita. All three isolates had an MDH phenotype N1, identical to that of M. javanica and M. incognita. On a 2-dimensional electrophoresis gel (2-DGE), the protein maps of all three isolates differed from that of M. javanica. There were similar protein spots between isolates of M. konaensis. Morphological comparison showed differences in the male heads and perineal patterns among three isolates. All MKF1 males had the typical high and rounded head shape and stylet shaft with protuberance. MKl1-FI males also had the rounded head shape but the majority of head caps were lower than those of MKF1. The majority of MKI1 male heads caps was narrow, square and indented anteriorly. Host range and pathogenicity differed among the three isolates. MKF1 had low reproduction on coffee, whereas MKI1-F1 and MKI1 failed to develop on coffee. The reproduction ratio on coffee by MKF1 was 1.1, and zero for MKl1-F1 and MKl1. In contrast, reproduction was high on tomato and cucumber. MKl1-F1 had the highest reproduction on tomato and cucumber which was two times more than MKF1 and MKl1, whereas MKF1 and MKl1 were similar. The reproduction ratio on tomato and cucumber was 110.9 and 40.8 by MKl1-F1, 45.9 and 9.3 by MKF1, and 47.6 and 17.6 by MKI1 respectively. Overall, MKF1 was the only isolate having the ability to infest coffee and MKI1-F1 was the most aggressive isolate of M. konaensis on tomato and cucumber.
Description: ix, 52 leaves
Rights: All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections:M.S. - Botanical Sciences (Plant Pathology)

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