Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/69037

SURFING IN GROUPS TO INCREASE TIME OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR NATIVE HAWAIIANS

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Title:SURFING IN GROUPS TO INCREASE TIME OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR NATIVE HAWAIIANS
Authors:Young, Steven Keone
Contributors:Mobley, Joseph (advisor)
Nursing (department)
Keywords:Nursing
Health education
Group Exercise
Groups
Native Hawaiian
show 3 morePacific Islander
Physical Activity
Surfing
show less
Date Issued:2020
Publisher:University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Abstract:Background: Chronic diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension, obesity, results in 41 million deaths annually which translates to 71% of all deaths worldwide (WHO, 2018). Approximately 60% of adults in the United States have a chronic disease (CDC, 2019). In Hawaii, 82% of adults have at least one chronic disease while 53% of the population have two or more (Hawai’i State Department of Health, 2014). Native Hawaiians are 20% more likely to be obese, 10% more likely to be diagnosed with coronary heart disease, 2.2 times more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes, and 4 times more likely to die from a stroke than their Caucasian counterparts. Native Hawaiians have the highest rate of cancer-related mortality than any of the other ethnicities in the state of Hawaii (The U.S Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health, 2017). Purpose and Objectives: Studies have shown that increased physical activity is essential in preventing chronic disease, the goal of this project was to conduct a pilot study to increase the duration of physical activity for Native Hawaiians through the implementation of surfing in groups as a culturally relevant intervention. Methods: The sample size of the study included a total of 12 participants recruited in a non-randomized method, through local Native Hawaiian organizations, flyers, online advertising, and word-of-mouth. Participants were instructed on the fundamentals of surfing and evaluated through a student-developed Surfing Group Participant Survey and Surfing Group Time Log. Results: Of the 46 individuals that expressed interest in the program, 16 completed the pre-program survey, 12 participated, and 7 completed participation in the Surf Group. Results from the Surfing Group Participant Survey and Surfing Group Time Log indicated a significant increase in physical activity through participation in the Surfing Group. The average increase in physical activity was from a reported mean between 45 min/week (SE) ±8.3 - 75 min/week (SE) ±20.4 before the program; to a final mean time of 182.1 min/week ± 29.4 in the final week of the program. Discussion: Chronic disease is a global epidemic, especially for Native Hawaiians. Through surfing in a group, Native Hawaiians can build relationships that supported the increase in the duration of physical activity in the combat of chronic disease. Despite surfing being a popular sport that many people were interested in wanting to learn, consistent commitment is an ongoing battle for any organized group.
Pages/Duration:48 pages
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10125/69037
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: D.N.P. - Nursing Practice


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