Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/68999

IMPACT IMPACTS ON THE MOON, MERCURY, AND EUROPA

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Title:IMPACT IMPACTS ON THE MOON, MERCURY, AND EUROPA
Authors:Costello, Emily S.
Contributors:Lucey, Paul G. (advisor)
Geology and Geophysics (department)
Keywords:Planetology
Europa
Impact Gardening
Impacts
Mercury
show 2 moreMoon
Secondary Impacts
show less
Date Issued:2020
Publisher:University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Abstract:In this work, I reconstitute and improve upon an Apollo-era statistical model of impact gardening (Gault et al. 1974) and validate the model against the gardening implied by remote sensing and analysis of Apollo cores. My major contribution is the modeling and analysis of the influence of secondary crater-forming impacts, which dominate impact gardening. Secondary craters are formed when debris that has been launched by the collision of an object from space with the surface of a body falls back onto the surface with sufficient energy to produce a crater. Interest in secondary craters and their importance in the evolution of the surfaces of Solar System bodies was re-inspired by a study of the secondary craters of Mars’ Zunil crater (McEwen et al. 2005), which shocked many in the cratering community for being so large, far-flung, and numerous. Similarly, studies of Jupiter’s icy moon Europa’s surface showed that most craters that are < 1 km in diameter are secondary craters (Birehaus et al. 2001; 2005). Secondary impacts appear to be significant drivers of changes at the uppermost surface on bodies across the solar system. I apply my model of impact gardening due to secondary impacts to explore the implications of impact gardening on the Moon, Mercury, and Europa, with a specific interest in the implications of impact gardening on the distribution and evolution of water ice resources in the solar system.
Pages/Duration:171 pages
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10125/68999
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Geology and Geophysics


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