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The virtuous circle: Modeling individual differences in L2 reading and vocabulary development

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Title:The virtuous circle: Modeling individual differences in L2 reading and vocabulary development
Authors:Pulido, Diana
Hambrick, David Z.
Keywords:sight vocabulary
reading comprehension
incidental vocabulary learning
language processing experience
Date Issued:Oct 2008
Publisher:University of Hawaii National Foreign Language Resource Center
Center for Language & Technology
Abstract:The present study investigated the relative contributions of experiential and ability factors to second language (L2) passage comprehension and L2 vocabulary retention. Participants included a cross section of 99 adult learners of Spanish as a foreign language enrolled in beginning through advanced level university Spanish courses. Participants completed a standardized reading proficiency test (Adult Basic Learning Examination, Spanish version) to verify a range in proficiency, a checklist and translation passage sight vocabulary test, and a written recall in the native language of the 4 passages that were read. Vocabulary retention was measured at 2 time intervals by a multiple-choice test of receptive retention of meaning of targeted vocabulary. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM). Results revealed consistent support for the following model: (a) Language processing experience positively influenced L2 passage sight vocabulary; (b) L2 passage sight vocabulary positively influenced narrative passage comprehension; and (c) L2 comprehension positively influenced L2 vocabulary growth.
Appears in Collections: Volume 20, No. 2 Special Issue: Reading and Vocabulary

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