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Beyond raw frequency: Incidental vocabulary acquisition in extensive reading

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Title:Beyond raw frequency: Incidental vocabulary acquisition in extensive reading
Authors:Kweon, Soo-Ok
Kim, Hae-Ri
Keywords:Extensive reading
L2 reading
incidental vocabulary acquisition
literature-based approach
Date Issued:Oct 2008
Publisher:University of Hawaii National Foreign Language Resource Center
Center for Language & Technology
Abstract:Second language vocabulary can be learned incidentally while the learner is engaged in extensive reading or reading for meaning, inferring the meaning of unknown words (Huckin & Coady, 1999; Hulstijn, 1992; Krashen, 1993; Pigada & Schmitt, 2006). 12 Korean learners of English read authentic literary texts and were tested on their knowledge of vocabulary before reading (pretest), immediately after reading (Posttest 1), and 1 month after Posttest 1 (Posttest 2). The results showed a significant word gain between the pretest and Posttest 1 and that most gained words were retained at Posttest 2. Of the 3 different word classes that were used, nouns were a little easier to retain than verbs and adjectives. More frequent words were more easily learned than less frequent words across all 3 word classes. However, words of lower frequency were better learned than words of higher frequency when the meanings of the lower frequency words were crucial for meaning comprehension.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10125/66819
ISSN:1539-0578
DOI:10125/66819
Volume:20
Issue/Number:2
Appears in Collections: Volume 20, No. 2 Special Issue: Reading and Vocabulary


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