Wafers in Saddle Bags: A Novel Dispensing System for Male Lures Used to Detect Invasive Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)

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2019-12-31
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Shelly, Todd
Kurashima, Rick
Fezza, Thomas
Cook, Peter
Cook, Dylan
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Hawaiian Entomological Society
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Detection of the agricultural pests Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) and Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) relies heavily on traps baited with male-specific attractants. For B. dorsalis, traps are baited with liquid (6 ml) methyl eugenol (ME), while polymeric plugs containing trimedlure (TML; 2 g) are used in traps targeting C. capitata. In both cases, the attractant volatilizes rapidly, and lures are changed out every 6 weeks to insure high trap attractancy. Lures having greater longevity would be beneficial, because they would lengthen the trap servicing interval and thus reduce both supply and labor costs. Here, we tested the effectiveness of a saddle bag dispenser that (i) held two solid wafers impregnated with male lure, thus eliminating handling of liquid methyl eugenol (a potential carcinogen), (ii) was easy to place in traps, and (iii) allowed a high loading of male lure in trap (total loading of 6 g per trap for each lure). Field experiments, each lasting 12–14 weeks, were conducted on Hawaii island and Oahu, Hawaii, that compared captures of B. dorsalis and C. capitata males in traps baited in the standard manner versus traps baited with saddle bag dispensers. Traps baited with ME saddle bags weathered up to 12 or 14 weeks generally captured similar numbers of B. dorsalis males as traps baited with fresh ME liquid and significantly more males than traps baited with weathered ME liquid. Similar results were obtained for C. capitata: traps baited with TML saddle bags weathered up to 12 or 14 weeks captured similar numbers of C. capitata males as traps baited with fresh TML plugs and significantly more males than traps baited with weathered TML plugs.
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Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society (2019) 51(2):47-58.
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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
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