Theorizing Hybrid Models of Peer Production: A Case Study of an Open Collaborative Journalism Platform

Date
2020-01-07
Authors
O'Riordan, Sheila
Feller, Joseph
Kiely, Gaye
Emerson, Bill
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Abstract
Peer production communities (c.f. Benkler 2002) are typified by principles of access to resources, inclusive participation, transparency of action, and democratic work. However, the ways in which they operate and evolve depend on various infrastructural and governance mechanisms. Literature suggests that there are three key challenges to overcome in building and sustaining a community that produces open knowledge goods, namely motivation (incentives for participation), coordination (efficient organization of work), and integration (effective creation of high quality end products). We present a theoretical framework to analyze case study findings from the WikiTribune project, a “hybrid” model of peer production. This project is characterized as an open collaborative journalism model that combines elements of commercial firm-based production with that of commons-based peer production. The framework identifies factors affecting hybrid models and the impact on community and resource development.
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Emerging Issues in e-Collaboration Distributed Group Decision-Making: Opportunities and Challenges, business models, case study, collaborative journalism, open, peer production
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