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The Mediating Effect of Mindfulness on the Relationship Between Mental Illness Self-Stigma and General Psychological Distress: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Title:The Mediating Effect of Mindfulness on the Relationship Between Mental Illness Self-Stigma and General Psychological Distress: A Cross-Sectional Study
Authors:Martin, Timothy John
Contributors:Masuda, Akihiko (advisor)
Psychology (department)
Keywords:Clinical psychology
college
distress
mediates
mindfulness
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stigma
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Date Issued:2019
Publisher:University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Abstract:Mental illness self-stigma is the devaluation, shame, secrecy, and social withdrawal triggered by applying negative stereotypes about mental illness to oneself. Evidence suggests that this form of self-stigma is associated with increased psychological distress and reduced quality of life. Mindfulness is the process of non-judgmental and accepting attention to experiences in the present moment, which may account for the link between mental illness self-stigma and psychological distress. The proposed cross-sectional survey of a non-clinical college sample aimed to investigate (1) whether mental illness self-stigma is positively associated with psychological distress and (2) whether mindfulness mediates the association between mental illness self-stigma and psychological distress. The results of the study revealed that mental illness self-stigma (and a modified version intended to capture self-stigma for general psychological distress) is positively associated with psychological distress and that mindfulness acts as a partial mediator on this relationship. Mindfulness may partially explain this link by capturing how individuals mentally process the negative associations of mental illness stereotypes.
Pages/Duration:58 pages
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10125/63511
Appears in Collections: M.A. - Psychology


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