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The Essential Structure of the Lived Experience of College Students who are Family Members of Veterans with PTSD who Served in the Iraqi-Afghanistan Armed Conflicts

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Title:The Essential Structure of the Lived Experience of College Students who are Family Members of Veterans with PTSD who Served in the Iraqi-Afghanistan Armed Conflicts
Authors:Neves, Abbie Joan
Contributors:Casken, John (advisor)
Nursing (department)
Keywords:Nursing
Mental health
college students
family member-dependents
intergenerational trauma
show 3 moreIraqi-Afghanistan armed conflicts
secondary trauma
veteran PTSD
show less
Date Issued:2019
Publisher:University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Abstract:ABSTRACT
Background: Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has become widely known as one of the ‘signature injuries’ of the Iraqi-Afghanistan armed conflicts. The indirect experiencing of trauma from a close family member’s PTSD is conceptualized in the literature as secondary, vicarious, or intergenerational trauma. Intergenerational trauma is a significant problem which is likely to continue given the current U.S. involvement and state of unrest in countries such as Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria. This problem has become more apparent as an increasing number of family members/dependents are using veteran’s administration education benefits to return to college due to military force shaping with little to no specific supportive services in place.
Purpose: To gain insight into the lived experience of college students who were family members of veterans with PTSD who served in the Iraqi-Afghanistan armed conflicts.
Methodology: A transcendental phenomenological design was used. Participants/co-researchers were selected via purposive non-probability sampling using a snowball technique. Data was collected via semi-structured interviews. The transcribed interviews were analyzed using Moustakas’ (1994) Modified Van Kaam method of phenomenological reduction.
Findings: After identifying horizons and invariant constituents (unchanging horizons, four core themes were identified; powerlessness, silence, apprehensiveness, and loss, all of which were tested through application validation. Individual textural and structural descriptions were synthesized into a composite textural-structural description of the true essence and meaning of the experience of the phenomenon that represented the group as a whole.
Recommendations: Further research, practice, and policy changes are recommended to develop supportive services for college students who are family members of veterans with PTSD.
Keywords: intergenerational trauma, secondary trauma, vicarious trauma, college students, family members, dependents, PTSD, veterans, Iraqi-Afghanistan, war, armed conflicts.
Description:Ph.D. Thesis. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2019
Pages/Duration:152 pages
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10125/63225
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Nursing


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