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FROM SCIENCE TO PLANNING: NEGOTIATING CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN LAND USE PLANNING IN QUY NHON CITY, VIETNAM

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Title:FROM SCIENCE TO PLANNING: NEGOTIATING CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION IN LAND USE PLANNING IN QUY NHON CITY, VIETNAM
Authors:Ghimire, Jiwnath
Contributors:Kim, Karl (advisor)
Urban & Regional Planning (department)
Keywords:Urban planning
Climate change
Asian studies
climate science
knowledge utilization
show 4 moreland use planning
Quy Nhon
science-policy interface
Vietnam
show less
Date Issued:Dec 2018
Publisher:University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Abstract:Scientific knowledge of climate change (including climate change scenarios, sea level rise projections, and temperature forecast) has a significant influence on adaptation and mitigation measures. It plays a crucial role in the context of land use planning to elucidate decisions concerning adaptation and mitigation tools. Land use planning has been a proven approach to reduce disaster risks and climate change impacts. However, successful utilization of climate science to improve practices on the ground involves a complex process. Scientific knowledge of climate change streams from multiple sources, across multiple scales, and in multiple forms. This influences how local decision makers’ use of knowledge is translated into plans and policies, and in a top-down hierarchical planning system like Vietnam’s, the process is uniquely complex.
Utilization of climate science in the course of land use planning involves a complicated process in a rapidly changing city of a developing country like Quy Nhon City in Vietnam. Transmission and understanding of scientific knowledge and concurrent planning can be achieved through the boundary works and externally funded projects (e.g. ACCCRN in case of Quy Nhon City). The implementation faces a myriad of challenges, especially in land use planning because land management in Vietnam already suffers from political-economic problems. Implementation requires major institutional changes from national to local levels in a rigid top-down administrative system like that in Vietnam. Strong centralization of the administrative system can provide an opportunity to enforce the mainstreaming of climate science in the land use plans and decisions. With a case study of Quy Nhon City in Vietnam, this research sheds light on the unique contextual challenges of developing countries in the course of knowledge utilization (especially in implementation) which is lacking in previous models. The major conclusion of my research is that while the transmission and understanding of climate science are strong in Quy Nhon City with the work of ACCCRN and other funded projects, additional attention to the politics and processes of implementation is needed. This includes changes in land governance systems, reforming institutions of science-policy interactions and land use planning, and arranging additional resources (human and financial) for climate change adaptation.
Description:Ph.D. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2018.
Pages/Duration:317 pages
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10125/62820
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Urban and Regional Planning


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