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Predictors and Moderators of Mental and Physical Health in Elderly Parents of Adult Offspring with Special Needs.

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Title:Predictors and Moderators of Mental and Physical Health in Elderly Parents of Adult Offspring with Special Needs.
Authors:Olsen, Darren L.
Contributors:Psychology (department)
Keywords:Developmental Disabilities
Severe Mental Illness
Adult Offspring
Date Issued:Aug 2018
Publisher:University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Abstract:Many parents of adult offspring with intellectual and developmental disabilities or severe mental
illnesses experience high levels of caregiver burden throughout their lives which may place them
at high risk for deleterious consequences in old age. Research suggests that interpersonal and
intrapersonal resources may buffer the negative effects of burden for these parents. Using data
from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS), the current study examined the memory
functioning, health related quality of life, and depressive symptoms of parents of adult offspring
with disabilities or long-term mental illnesses and the potential buffering effects interpersonal
and intrapersonal resources on the effects of caregiver burden. Differences between the disability
groups and resident status were also examined. The results showed few differences between the
groups in the functioning and resource variables, suggesting similarities not seen in earlier years.
The hypotheses that greater self-reported caregiver burden would significantly predict poorer
health related quality of life and more depressive symptoms, and that psychological well-being
would be positively associated with positive functioning across all domains were supported.
However, findings related to social participation were inconsistent as few forms of social
participation buffered the effects of caregiver burden on functioning in old age. Follow up
analyses revealed that organization participation was most impactful only under certain
circumstances, as its impact was either enhanced or reversed depending on the person’s level of
perceived burden. Implications for intervention are discussed.
Description:Ph.D. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2018.
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Psychology

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