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Complementary and Alternative Medicine use by Native Hawaiians and Part-Hawaiians with Type 2 Diabetes: A Feasibility Study.

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Title:Complementary and Alternative Medicine use by Native Hawaiians and Part-Hawaiians with Type 2 Diabetes: A Feasibility Study.
Authors:Suapaia, Mahealani E. L. A. A.
Contributors:Nursing (PhD) (department)
Keywords:Native Hawaiian
type 2 diabetes
diabetic peripheral neuropathy
Date Issued:Dec 2017
Publisher:University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Abstract:In Hawai'i, type 2 diabetes is prevalent among Native Hawaiians and thus is a burden to their
well-being, since there is an increased risk for health complications such as cardiovascular
disease, kidney disease, and neuropathy. The terms “Native or Part Hawaiian” in this study
refers to individuals who self identified one as their racial category. Individuals with type 2
diabetes should implement recommended daily self-management strategies to promote better
health outcomes and possibly delay associated complications. The concept of self-management
is found in chronic illness and Native Hawaiian health literature. The literature reveals that
complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) serves to improve well-being through culturally
accepted health and lifestyle practices. This study scrutinizes the process of recruiting and
interviewing Native Hawaiians and Part Hawaiians with type 2 diabetes complication of diabetic
peripheral neuropathy (DPN) and explores reasons these individuals use complementary and
alternative medicine. A quantitative research method is conducted using two survey instruments:
the CAM use survey and the SF-36 survey to assess reasons for CAM use, perceived general
health, and bodily pain. A descriptive statistical analysis is performed to identify frequency data
in a sample of 21 Native Hawaiians with DPN. The frequency data reveal factors that contribute
to the use of CAM for diabetic peripheral neuropathy self-management, such as education,
income, marital status, and religious beliefs. Knowledge and assessment of complementary and
alternative medicine use may assist health care professionals in treating and caring for Native
Hawaiians and Part Hawaiians with type 2 diabetes.
Keywords: Native Hawaiian, type 2 diabetes, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, CAM
Description:Ph.D. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2017.
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Nursing

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