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Essays on the Costs and Benefits of Cleaner Energy.

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Title:Essays on the Costs and Benefits of Cleaner Energy.
Contributors:Economics (department)
Keywords:Clean Energy
Fuel Switching
Renewable Energy
Impact Evaluation
show 1 moreIndonesia
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Date Issued:Aug 2018
Publisher:University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Abstract:Undertaking a major clean energy transition in both developing countries and
developed countries is challenging. Well-designed policies weigh the cost and
benet of every alternative. My dissertation considers dierent aspects of such
transitions in two very dierent contexts: a nationwide transition from kerosene
to cleaner burning propane in Indonesia, and a transition from a fossil fuel to
100 percent renewable electric system in Hawaii. As for the benets of cleaner
energy, it helps us to understand to what extent a cleaner fuel transition could
improve people's health and their well-being, and sheds light on some possible
channels through which better health arises. As for the cost of cleaner energy,
it also demonstrates how ecient variable pricing can lower the cost of clean
renewable energy. To assess how ecient pricing aects the cost of renewable
power, I introduce a new computational modeling tool that can simultaneously
consider key features of a real-time power system and a realistic characterization
of demand with potentially exible end uses. The model is generalizable and can
be easily adapted to other settings.
Chapter 2 studies the impact of a household fuel conversion program on infant
mortality by examining a kerosene to liquid petroleum gas (LPG) conversion
program in Indonesia, one of the largest household energy transition projects ever
attempted in the developing world. Chapter 3 examines the extent to which
variable pricing can make renewable energy more cost eective in the state of
Hawaii. It uses a novel model of power supply and demand that simultaneously
optimizes investment in generation capacity, storage capacity, and real-time operation of the system, a demand system that accounts for interhour elasticity
and overall demand elasticity. Lastly, chapter 4 investigates on the extent to
which the switching improves households well-being. Using a nationwide transition
from kerosene to cleaner burning propane in Indonesia, the same program
as in chapter 2, I investigate households consumption response to fuel switching.
Description:Ph.D. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2018.
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Economics

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