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The Clarté Movement in Japan and Korea, 1919-1925.

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Title:The Clarté Movement in Japan and Korea, 1919-1925.
Authors:Arkenstone, Quillon B.
Contributors:East Asian Lang & Lit-Japanese (department)
Date Issued:Dec 2017
Publisher:University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Abstract:The Clarté movement was an international writers’ association founded in France after
the Great War, which had as its goal the rallying of the intellectual elite of the world in order to
prevent further war. The movement had branches in countries from Western Europe to East Asia.
Scholars have examined the transfer of the movement to and within East Asia, but have not
considered the underlying ideological mechanisms that enabled this transfer. This dissertation
sets out to identify these mechanisms, referred to collectively throughout as the Clarté
problematic. Borrowing Louis Althusser’s concept of the problematic, the study approaches
Clarté as a distinct ideological phenomenon, separate from the movements for which it served as
support.
Chapter One considers the origins of the Clarté movement in Europe, with a discussion of
its founder Henri Barbusse, his experiences in the Great War, and his attempts to create an
international of intellectuals. Chapter Two turns to Komaki Ōmi, the founder of Tane maku hito,
and highlights his association with Barbusse and efforts to link European anti-war movements
with those in Japan. Chapter Three centers on the three-year existence of Tane maku hito. The
journal’s efforts at social criticism and action are examined, concerns highlighted in its subtitle,
hihan to kōdō; both fiction and criticism are considered. Chapter Four discusses the movement in
Korea, specifically Kim Ki-jin’s efforts to replicate Tane maku hito with the journal Kaebyŏk.
Chapter Five examines how the Clarté movement (and problematic) fell victim to the
international conjuncture, being cast as an oppositional ideology before giving way to Marxism-
Leninism.
iv
In addition to the construction of the “Clarté problematic” as a distinct object of study,
the dissertation engages a period of intellectual and literary development of leftist literature that
has not received as much attention as the later period of proletarian literature proper. Tane maku
hito is traditionally placed at the fount of proletarian literature, but this study scrutinizes this
assumption of theoretical continuity, arguing that what the journal was attempting to do was to
propagate the Clarté movement, not found the new genre for which it is credited.
Description:Ph.D. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2017.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10125/62316
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - East Asian Languages and Literatures (Japanese)


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