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Toward a Theory of Organizational Apology: Evidence from the United States and China.

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Title:Toward a Theory of Organizational Apology: Evidence from the United States and China.
Authors:Rhodes, Eric S.
Contributors:Business Administration (department)
Date Issued:Aug 2017
Publisher:University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Abstract:A multi-method approach was used to develop a theory of organizational apology. In Essay 1, the impact of public apologies made by U.S. and Chinese companies on their stock market investment returns was examined. It was found that the overall impact of organizational apologies on cumulative abnormal return was significantly negative, as was the impact of apologies arising from perceived integrity violations. By contrast, the impact of apologies arising from perceived competence violations was found to be positive but nonsignificant.
In Essay 2, a grounded theory method was used to analyze organizational apology following some transgression. It was found that statements of contrition and assurances of non-recurrence were the most frequently included elements of organizational apology, while empathy statements were used less frequently. Concerns over negative publicity were the most frequent antecedent event to an organizational apology and the implementation of an easy fix was the most frequent consequent event. Seven descriptive transgression categories emerged, and were found to align with the 4Ps of marketing as well as the five SERVQUAL dimensions of service that customers care about. It was also uncovered that apologies from the Chinese organizations were longer and included more references to government and nationality.
In Essay 3, a longitudinal examination of apologies issued by Apple and Kingsoft was undertaken to assess for cultural differences in organizational apology. Findings suggest that apologies issued by U.S. and Chinese organizations are structurally similar, and reflect the strategic approaches of their CEOs.
ivConsumers' perception that an organization has done something wrong is often the antecedent of organizational apology, with a perceived ethical breach more damaging than a performance-related miscue. The elements of an organizational apology include an explicit statement of contrition and an assurance of non-recurrence and sometimes include a responsibility acknowledgment, compensation offer, and/or values statement. Sometimes blaming of third parties is also found. The consequents of organizational apology include complete or partial resolution of the customer's complaint when effective and escalation of complaints when ineffective, impacted by the adequacy of compensation, contrition, and cultural congruence. Twelve templates of organizational apology are presented for bench marking.
Description:Ph.D. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2017.
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10125/62228
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Business Administration


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