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Genetic Relationships and Ancestral Character State Reconstructions of Psychotria L. Sect. Straussia (A. Gray) Fosberg (Rubiaceae).

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Title:Genetic Relationships and Ancestral Character State Reconstructions of Psychotria L. Sect. Straussia (A. Gray) Fosberg (Rubiaceae).
Authors:Serrano, Joshua K.
Contributors:Botany (department)
Date Issued:May 2018
Publisher:University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Abstract:Taxonomic classifications based on morphology and molecular studies of members in
Psychotria sect. Straussia have been problematic leaving a number of species identities’ in
doubt. Also, previous phylogenetic studies showed that Psychotria hawaiiensis may represents
multiple taxa currently circumscribed under a single species. To resolve the identity of the taxa
currently included in this species two nuclear and two chloroplast markers were used and
analyzed using Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Inference. Additionally, two morphological
characters were examined in BayesTraits to elucidate relationships among taxa. The molecular
analyses reveal that P. hawaiiensis is polyphyletic and varieties hillebrandii and scoriacea are
not closely related to variety hawaiiensis and they may represent distinct species. Variation in
domatia size and leaf venation are consistent with this interpretation of P. hawaiiensis and its
lack of monophyly, but future work should investigate their taxonomic value within this sect.
Straussia. Nomenclatural changes that may be needed in the future include reducing P.
hawaiiensis var. hawaiiensis to varietal rank of P. mariniana. In addition, recognizing P.
hawaiiensis var. hillebrandii and var. scoriacea as separate distinct species. Also, many of the
recognized taxa are not well differentiated suggesting that other methods such as next-generation
sequencing (NGS) technique should be pursed to disentangle the relationships of these taxa.
Description:M.S. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2018.
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: M.S. - Botany

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