Evaluation of a Perinatal Support Program for FASD Prevention

Date
2014
Authors
Pascal, Emma
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Abstract
FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders) are physical and/or mental disorders resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure. As a significant cause of birth defects and infant mortality, FASD is also associated with a multitude of challenges from birth through maturation. FASD is preventable; further, effective intervention prevention programs for high-risk populations can also reduce risk for FASD from prenatal alcohol exposure. The Hawai‘i Department of Health implements a statewide Perinatal Support Services Program in community-based health centers and organizations to provide support for at- risk mothers. The state program has continually served approximately 1,600 women each year. With a significant Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, and Asian population, this program serves a diverse sample previously not discussed in literature on FASD. Given that alcohol use co-occurs with other risk factors, this project evaluated the impact of these services on the reduction of alcohol use during pregnancy through longitudinal examination (by trimester) and examined the association of alcohol risk with sociodemographic information and other related behavior and risk factors. The results were shared with the program sites through the Hawai‘i State Department of Health and also with the Hawai‘i FASD Task Force to inform prevention and intervention efforts throughout the State. In addition, the findings were disseminated to the field through the Research Society on Alcoholism national conference.
Description
Keywords
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, perinatal support, alcohol risk
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