Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Measuring the Behavioral Effects of Environmental Enrichment in Captive Chimpanzees
|Grunauer Priscilla Honors Project uh.pdf||Must be a UH user to access.||5.08 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
|Title:||Measuring the Behavioral Effects of Environmental Enrichment in Captive Chimpanzees|
|Contributors:||Walgaurnery, Justin (advisor)|
|Publisher:||University of Hawaii at Manoa|
|Abstract:||In their natural habitat, chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) live in a dynamic environment
where they must use a myriad of cognitive skills to solve survival-related problems.
Atypical environments that do not provide comparable stimulation can lead to primates
performing abnormal behaviors. In captivity, environmental enrichment is provided to
circumvent behavioral abnormalities and promote more species-typical behaviors.
Although enrichment use is now a standard practice in zoos, zoos often fail to present
complex problem-solving tasks to primates commensurate with those encountered in
nature. Therefore, an essential feature of an enrichment program should be to present
captive non-human primates with various intellectual challenges that engage their
cognitive abilities. Previous studies suggest that novel enrichment may promote more
positive behaviors and may also decrease abnormal behaviors, with certain types of
enrichment being more effective than others. This project aimed to examine the
behavioral effects of a novel enrichment activity, producing art on an iPad, compared to
creating art through a typical enrichment activity, painting, in a non-typical, high-stress
situation as seen in the eight group-living chimpanzees at the Honolulu Zoo. Although
both enrichment activities were effective in reducing abnormal behaviors both during the
enrichment period and post-enrichment exposure, the painting treatment was shown to be
overall more effective. These results may be used to further investigate the simulative
value of novel and familiar enrichment and how to maximize its effects both during
initial and post-exposure.
|Rights:||All UHM Honors Projects are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.|
|Appears in Collections:||
Honors Projects for Psychology|
Please email email@example.com if you need this content in ADA-compliant format.
Items in ScholarSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.