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EMMC technology for treatment/reuse of dilute dairy wastewater

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Title:EMMC technology for treatment/reuse of dilute dairy wastewater
Authors:Lin, Rhoda Luo-Ting
Irvine, Joshua Lelemia
Kao, J. C. M.
Yang, Pingyi-Yang
Keywords:Dilute dairy wastewater
Entrapped mixed microbial cell
Treated wastewater reuse
Carbon and nitrogen removal
Treatment alternatives
show 1 moreEconomic evaluation
show less
Date Issued:13 Apr 2009
Abstract:A rural dairy farm located on the island of Oahu, Hawaii needed to upgrade current lagoon treatment system for further reuse as floor flushing and crop irrigation. This is a comprehensive bench scale and pilot plant study to evaluate the potential biological treatment and reuse systems. Systems evaluated include: (1) pre-existing lagoon system, (2) integrated anaerobic BIO-NEST/aerobic EMMC (entrapped mixed microbial cell) system, (3) aerobic
EMMC reactor only system. Based upon a comprehensive economic evaluation and sensitivity analysis, the EMMC-only system achieved the best effluent quality for simultaneous removal of carbon and nitrogen. The pilot study of the EMMC-only reactor achieved an overall of 78% TCOD, 63% SCOD, 65% TN, and 96% soluble NH3-N removal efficiencies (HRT 12 h, continuous aeration). Implementing this system would cost about $0.25 a cow/
day to remove a ton of organic TCOD ($88.10/cow/year). The information presented provides a model for animal producers to consider in evaluating alternatives to upgrade existing waste management facilities.
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Journal:Clean Technology Environmental Policy
Appears in Collections: Irvine, Joshua Lelemia

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