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The Uses and Implications of the Term “Retarded” on YouTube

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Item Summary

dc.contributor.author Johanson-Sebera, Brandy
dc.contributor.author Wilkins, Julia
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-08T23:30:06Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-08T23:30:06Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.citation Johanson-Sebera, B. & Wilkins, J. (2010). The Uses and Implications of the Term “Retarded” on YouTube. Review of Disability Studies: An International Journal, 6(4).
dc.identifier.issn 1552-9215
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/58467
dc.description.abstract In this article, we provide a historical glimpse into the changing use of terminology for people with intellectual disabilities. In order to determine how the word retarded is currently used in popular culture in the United States, we analyzed one hundred randomly selected YouTube videos with the word retarded in the title. Five themes emerged: (a) the traditional use of the term retarded, (b) the use of retarded in humorous context, (c) the use of retarded to insult or criticize, (d) the term retarded as a substitute for other words, and (e) the slang use of retarded in a hip hop context. The coexistence of these multiple definitions is an unprecedented situation in the history of disability terminology. While advocates in the US are pushing for abandonment of the “R” word, establishing rules about language use is clearly a simplistic solution to a complex problem.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher University of Hawaii at Manoa -- Center on Disability Studies
dc.relation.ispartofseries vol. 6, no. 4
dc.subject retarded
dc.subject disability terminology
dc.subject YouTube
dc.title The Uses and Implications of the Term “Retarded” on YouTube
dc.type Research Articles and Essays
dc.type.dcmi Text
Appears in Collections: RDS Volume 6, No. 4


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