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WRRCTMR No.31 A Preliminary Study of Some Ecological Effects of Sugar Mill Waste Discharge on Water Quality and Marine Life, Kilauea, Kauai
|Title:||WRRCTMR No.31 A Preliminary Study of Some Ecological Effects of Sugar Mill Waste Discharge on Water Quality and Marine Life, Kilauea, Kauai|
|Authors:||Russo, Anthony R.|
|LC Subject Headings:||Kilauea Sugar Company|
Marine organisms -- Effect of water pollution on -- Hawaii -- Kauai.
Sugar factories -- Waste disposal -- Environmental aspects -- Hawaii -- Kauai.
Sugarcane industry -- Environmental aspects -- Hawaii -- Kauai.
Water -- Pollution -- Hawaii -- Kauai.
show 1 moreWater quality -- Hawaii -- Kauai.
|Issue Date:||Sep 1971|
|Publisher:||Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa|
|Citation:||Russo AR, 1971. A preliminary study of some ecological effects of sugar mill waste discharge on water quality and marine life, Kilauea, Kauai. Honolulu (HI): Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa. WRRC technical memorandum report, 31.|
|Series/Report no.:||WRRC Technical Memorandum Report|
|Abstract:||Mill discharge from Kilauea Sugar Company discolors the receiving waters off the north coast of Kauai and increases the turbidity thirtyfold over that for normal waters. Coral growth is abundant in this area except near the mill discharge outfall. The epibenthic community is dominated by a single genus of coral, Montipora, and shows very little diversity. Bagasse and other cane debris were observed and photographed
on intertidal reefs and in the subtidal zone as far as three miles from the outfall.
|Sponsor:||The National Science Foundation, the National Sea Grant Programs (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adminstration), and the Water Resources Research Center, University of Hawaii|
|Pages/Duration:||iii + 39 pages|
|Appears in Collections:||WRRC Technical Memorandum Reports|
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