Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/51471

The Effects of an Ocean Surfing Course Intervention on Spirituality, Depression, Anxiety, and Quality of Life

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Item Summary

dc.contributor.author Amrhein, Michael
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-18T22:07:56Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-18T22:07:56Z
dc.date.issued 2016-08
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/51471
dc.description Ph.D. University of Hawaii at Manoa 2016.
dc.description Includes bibliographical references.
dc.description.abstract Although research on the psychological aspects of ocean surfing is scarce, at least two correlational studies have demonstrated that ocean surfers report more positive mental health characteristics in terms of less anxiety and depression than normative samples (Levin & Taylor, 2011; Amrhein, Barkhoff, & Heiby, in press). However, no experimental studies have been found that examined whether these mental health outcomes are an effect of surfing. The current study, using a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design, aims to examine the effects of a surfing course intervention on spirituality, depression, anxiety, and quality of life. Fifty-four participants (46 “new surfers” and 8 “regular surfers”) were recruited from four sections of a one credit surfing course at the University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo. Participants were asked to complete a baseline assessment at the beginning of the course examining demographics, spirituality, depression, anxiety, and quality of life. Participants were also asked to complete a follow-up assessment at the end of the course consisting of the same measures along with a scale of spiritual surfing experiences and other surfing habits. “New surfers” demonstrated a significant increase in overall levels of spirituality from baseline to follow-up. Additionally, reported scores from the entire sample on their subjective, spiritual surfing experiences were positively correlated with overall levels of spirituality. No significant changes were observed from baseline to follow-up on measures of depression, anxiety, or quality of life. The results suggest that participating in a surfing course may contribute to an individual’s development of overall spirituality, which holds important clinical and research implications. The potential for developing culturally-tailored interventions that incorporate surfing is discussed, as are limitations and future research directions.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher [Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [August 2016]
dc.relation Theses for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Psychology
dc.subject ocean surfing
dc.subject spirituality
dc.subject depression
dc.subject anxiety
dc.subject quality of life
dc.title The Effects of an Ocean Surfing Course Intervention on Spirituality, Depression, Anxiety, and Quality of Life
dc.type Thesis
dc.type.dcmi Text
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Psychology


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