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Effects of the “Dropped Elbow” On Applied Propulsive Forces in Freestyle, Breaststroke, and Butterfly Swimming

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Item Summary

Title: Effects of the “Dropped Elbow” On Applied Propulsive Forces in Freestyle, Breaststroke, and Butterfly Swimming
Authors: Gagnon, Stephen
Issue Date: Aug 2016
Publisher: [Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [August 2016]
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to measure force output when swimming Freestyle, Breaststroke, and Butterfly with either a “high elbow” versus a “dropped elbow”. The subjects included 15 Division 1 swimmers who compete at the varsity level including 9 males, and 6 females with ages ranging from 18-22. Anthropometrics were taken of Height (cm), Body Mass, lbs.), and Right Arm Length (cm). Each of these subjects were required to swim Freestyle, and an alternative stroke they specialized in of either Breaststroke or Butterfly. Correlations and significance were found between Butterfly, Freestyle, and anthropometrics which were measured. No statistical significance was found with either Breaststroke, or elbow angle, or between those two variables and any other factors included in this study. It would be beneficial for future studies to include multiple angles to observe the participants from, as well as consider Backstroke to be able to compare all four competitive strokes.
Description: M.S. University of Hawaii at Manoa 2016.
Includes bibliographical references.
Appears in Collections:M.S. - Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Science

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