Fall Prevention and Risk Factors - Hawai‘i 2014

Romero Romero, Yesid
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[Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2016]
This study is based on self reported information from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System – Hawai‘i 2014. A perspective of current prevention measures is presented and the association to demographics, behavioral and health conditions were unveiled to determine risk groups to target for prevention. The study examined current status of fall prevention programs, behavioral, demographic, and health factors associated with falls and fall-related injuries in adults 45 years of age and older. A total of 4614 respondents 45 years of age and older participated in the fall prevention measures survey. The year 2014 BRFSS – Hawai‘i survey indicates an overall survey’s response of 84.1% for landline and cell phones. Results of the study indicate that the prevalence of falls and injuries related to fall were higher for the following groups: women, age groups 55-64 and 45-54, White and Japanese ethnic groups, those with income equal or higher than $75,000 or less than $35,000, college 1 to 3 years, and those with specific health conditions or behavior. The increased odds for falling for certain health conditions or behaviors can increase as high as 6.2 times (95% CI 4.3-8.8) and as high as 2.9 times (95% CI 1.8-4.7) for injury related to fall. Older groups had increasingly higher odds for falls after adjusting for sex, ethnicity, education level, and annual household income while 65-74 and 85 and older age groups had higher adjusted odds for injuries related to fall. Other information useful to guide and help better customize combination of evidence-based preventive intervention to the local population of Hawai‘i is also presented. Results on specific preventive measures of the program indicate that about 90% of the respondents selected at least one prevention intervention to reduce the risk of falls emphasizing the interest of the community in general in the fall prevention program but also showing warning signs for disparities in knowledge translation.
M.S. University of Hawaii at Manoa 2016.
Includes bibliographical references.
BRFSS, fall prevention, injury prevention, elderly
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