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The South China Sea Dispute: Bridging Position and Motivation for China, Vietnam, and the Philippines

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Item Summary Huynh, Khoa 2017-12-18T21:46:50Z 2017-12-18T21:46:50Z 2016-05
dc.description M.A. University of Hawaii at Manoa 2016.
dc.description Includes bibliographical references.
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study is to investigate the motivations behind the positions held by China, Vietnam, and the Philippines regarding the South China Sea dispute. Interviews, governmental speeches and documents, notes verbales, treaties, and data generated by various governmental agencies were among the sources used to quantitatively and qualitatively explain their positions. It argues, generally, that the policies of the three nations are meant to address other, mainly domestic, but also international, concerns of an economic, political, military, and social nature, both current and historical. Specifically, China’s is vague, non-conforming, maximalist, and aggressive, yet measured, and is intended to maintain its stature as a world leader, which in turn helps in terms of regime survival and support at home. Vietnam’s is nationalistic, expansionistic, and protectionist in its position as well as continuing uninhibited oil and natural gas exploration in which it favors foreign sales. These positions reflect its historical fear of and resistance to external encroachment, its general policy orientation toward popular mobilization and control of the population, and its emphasis on economic security. The Philippines’s position, being the weakest and least effective bilaterally or multilaterally, is mainly rhetorical and meant for domestic, political consumption. It therefore focuses on legalistic approaches while promising to accommodate internal power centers, and notably the military. It aims to use whatever windfall there might be from the SCS’s oil and gas reserves to combat socioeconomic inequalities and rectify its tarnished national identity internally and externally.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher [Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2016]
dc.relation Theses for the degree of Master of Arts (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Asian Studies
dc.title The South China Sea Dispute: Bridging Position and Motivation for China, Vietnam, and the Philippines
dc.type Thesis
dc.type.dcmi Text
Appears in Collections: M.A. - Asian Studies

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