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Social Housing Building Envelope Retrofit in Russia: New Material Assembly Application

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Item Summary

Title:Social Housing Building Envelope Retrofit in Russia: New Material Assembly Application
Authors:Arena, Theron
Keywords:Russian Housing
Building Envelope
Building Performance
Date Issued:May 2016
Publisher:[Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2016]
Abstract:In the 1950’s the Russian government began a massive construction campaign to provide housing throughout the country. Millions of units were built with minimal variation to supply housing demand. The driving force was to keep the cost of construction as low as possible; as a result these buildings were built with no energy efficiency standards. In addition, the interior of these buildings have very poor thermal comfort. These units had an intended lifespan of 25 years but, unfortunately, are still in use today. This fact together with an outdated and failing district heating infrastructure has resulted in a substantial need for improved building envelope retrofits of these old prefabricated concrete buildings.

Various retrofit options have been studied in Moscow since 1997, when the building codes in Russia changed to incorporate energy efficiency in the building envelope design. The most recent study by VTT (VALTION TEKNILLINEN TUTKIMUSKESKUS) Technical of Finland in 2014, was very thorough in overall scope, but had several areas where it could be improved.

The answer is fiber cement and cellulose insulation in a prefabricated building element. As no such building element currently exists, the culmination of this research document results in the creation of a new building material assembly that is ideally suited for sustainable prefabricated building envelope retrofits. There is a need for this new material assembly because it will provide a better, more adaptable, less expensive, easier to install, more sustainable, lower lifetime maintenance exterior insulation system than any other material on the market today. The site location selected for study is in Volzhsky, a small but progressive city in the south western corner of Russia. The social housing retrofit proposed herein will provide a precedent that can be followed and modified throughout the entire country.
Description:D.Arch. University of Hawaii at Manoa 2016.
Includes bibliographical references.
Appears in Collections: D.ARCH. - Architecture

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