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Multi-Objective Optimization of Aerostructures Inspired by Nature

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Item Summary Kearney, Adam 2017-12-18T21:24:11Z 2017-12-18T21:24:11Z 2015-08
dc.description Ph.D. University of Hawaii at Manoa 2015.
dc.description Includes bibliographical references.
dc.description.abstract The focus of this doctoral work is on the optimization of aircraft wing structures. The optimization was performed against the shape, size and topology of simple aircraft wing designs. A simple morphing wing actuator optimization is performed as well as a wing panel buckling topology optimization. This is done with biologically-inspired mathematical systems including a map L-system, a multi-objective genetic algorithm, and cellular structures represented by Voronoi diagrams. As with most aircraft optimizations, both studies aim to minimize the total weight of a wing while simultaneously meeting sti ness and strength requirements. Optimization is performed with the scripts developed in MATLAB as well as through the use of finite element codes, NASTRAN and LS-Dyna. The intent of this methodology is to develop unique designs inspired by nature and optimized through natural selection. The optimal designs are those with minimal weight as well as additional requirements specific to the problems. The designs and methodology have the potential to be of use in determining minimum weight designs in aircraft structures. A literature review of optimization techniques, methodology and method validation, and optimization comparisons is presented. The buckling panel optimization considered here also includes composite buckling failure and manufacturing assumptions for composite panels. The panels are optimized for mass and strength by controlling the laminate stacking sequence, stiffener size, and topology. The morphing wing is optimized for actuator loading and redundancy.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher [Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [August 2015]
dc.relation Theses for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Mechanical Engineering
dc.subject Morphing Wing
dc.subject Fail Safe
dc.subject Composite Buckling
dc.subject L-systems
dc.subject Genetic Algorithm
dc.subject LS-Dyna
dc.subject NASTRAN
dc.title Multi-Objective Optimization of Aerostructures Inspired by Nature
dc.type Thesis
dc.type.dcmi Text
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Mechanical Engineering

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