Tweeting Your Mental Health: an Exploration of Different Classifiers and Features with Emotional Signals in Identifying Mental Health Conditions

Date
2018-01-03
Authors
Chen, Xuetong
Sykora, Martin
Jackson, Thomas
Elayan, Suzanne
Munir, Fehmidah
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Abstract
Applying simple natural language processing methods on social media data have shown to be able to reveal insights of specific mental disorders. However, few studies have employed fine-grained sentiment or emotion related analysis approaches in the detection of mental health conditions from social media messages. This work, for the first time, employed fine-grained emotions as features and examined five popular machine learning classifiers in the task of identifying users with self-reported mental health conditions (i.e. Bipolar, Depression, PTSD, and SAD) from the general public. We demonstrated that the support vector machines and the random forests classifiers with emotion-based features and combined features showed promising improvements to the performance on this task.
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Social Media and Healthcare Technology, Emotion Analysis, Mental Health, Machine Learning, Social Media, Text Mining
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