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Communication and the city : the changing environment : papers

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Title:Communication and the city : the changing environment : papers
Authors:Kato, Hidetoshi
McHale, John
Lerner, Daniel
LC Subject Headings:Communication
Cities and towns
Date Issued:Nov 1973
Publisher:Honolulu : East-West Communication Institute
Series:Papers of the East-West Communication Institute;no. 7
Abstract:Because of the importance of the city as a setting not only for communication but for development, the issues presented in these three papers are indeed significant to both researchers and policy makers.

The function of the city as a "communication environment" is a new development, as Professors Kato and Lerner point out. Looking back at the past, "the city has been primarily a place for communion rather than communication," in the words of Professor Kato, or a "stronghold and a sanctuary," as Professor Lerner describes it. While Professor McHale looks at modern changes in the form of macro institutions, Professor Kato focuses on changes in "symbolic experiences" as a result of changes in the concepts of time and space in the cities. He explains further that with the development of technological innovations, there has been a trend toward "miniaturization" (mini-space with mini-instruments") and a trend towards a 'fragmental time scale" (seen in the uses of fractions of time, characteristic of the modern working-hour system). Similarly, Professor McHale predicts such changes as the blurring of boundaries between education and entertainment, or education and work."

Professor McHale predicts that communication in the future world calls for a "process orientation in which ends/means, issues, questions, problems, solutions all loop back upon one another in interweaving and overlapping sets of feedback instead of linear cause-effect mechanisms."

Professor Lerner suggests looking again at his concepts of mobility, empathy, and participation, which have been "counter-productive for development" in poorer places in the world. He stresses the need to further examine his "Want:Get" ratio: although the development of mass media and transportation has speeded the development of many areas, it has created frustrations in many more. People from various cultures must he provided various alternatives and the freedom to choose their developmental goals from these alternatives. Communication media can be links for more feedback between decision-makers and the various publics, facilitating a "renewal of a decent respect for the opinions of mankind."
Description:For more about the East-West Center, see
Pages/Duration:iv, 47 p.
Appears in Collections: Communication Institute. Papers

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