Government and Disaster Resilience Minitrack

The 21st Century has been termed “the century of disasters.” Worldwide there were twice as many disasters and catastrophes in the first decade of this century as in the last decade of the 20th Century. All continents are affected, both directly and indirectly. And the trend continues, fueled by climate change, demographic changes and social dynamics. The serious challenges facing government in cities, regions and nations of the world relate to acute shocks (such as forest fires, floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, pandemics and terrorist attacks) and chronic stresses (such as high unemployment, inefficient public transport systems, endemic violence, chronic shortages of food and water).

Now we are in the era to consider how to deal with these unexpected consequences, not only preventing it before it happens. In other words, we should develop a disaster-resilient community to adapt the society to this new world. This minitrack features government (national, regional and municipal) roles in developing disaster resilience since they are responsible for saving lives of citizens, coordinating relief operations with different organizations and so on. In addition to this, roles of information systems and technologies to enhance disaster resilience and capability of the government are also essential to discuss. We invite papers that deal with any aspect of the analysis, design, development, deployment, implementation, integration, operation, use or evaluation of ICT for discussing government roles for disaster resilience.

Minitrack topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Response management systems and frameworks
  • Recovery frameworks
  • Hazard-specific and all-hazard planning frameworks and technologies
  • International disaster response collaborations
  • Early warning systems
  • Current practices in incident management
  • Identified and potential pitfalls in incident management
  • Situational awareness and the common operating picture—practices and challenges
  • Real-time and ICT-supported analysis of social media for gaining disaster intelligence
  • Mobile devices as sensors and incident management tools
  • Resilient information and communication infrastructures (FirstNet, etc)
  • Data-science approaches to real-time data collection and analysis in disasters
  • Government’s role in building resilient communities
  • Preparedness and mitigation via resilient infrastructures
  • Lessons from recent disaster responses
  • Vulnerabilities in government response infrastructures (in particular, ICT infrastructures)
  • Interoperability of ICTs used government disaster response management
  • Emergency Operations Center ICTs and their effectiveness
  • Reconnaissance technologies
  • Disaster Management-related education and training
  • Complexity management in disaster response

Minitrack Co-Chairs:

Mihoko Sakurai (Primary Contact)
University of Agder, Norway

Emma S. Spiro
University of Washington

Jose Julio Gonzalez
University of Agder, Norway

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