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Exploring Effective Ecosystems in Disaster Management: Case studies of Japan and Nepal

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Title: Exploring Effective Ecosystems in Disaster Management: Case studies of Japan and Nepal
Authors: Sakurai, Mihoko
Spiro, Emma
Gonzalez Jose Jolio
Keywords: Ecosystem
Disaster management
Information ecology
Issue Date: 04 Jan 2017
Abstract: Existing literature argues that taking a holistic approach to disaster management is important for organizations in achieving resilience. However, theoretical underpinnings are lacking to achieve a holistic understanding. This paper applies the notion of an ecosystem as a holistic lens to understand complex disaster management. \ \ We report two case studies from Japan and Nepal to illustrate how an ecosystem works during a disaster. The Japan case is a government initiative, whereas the Nepal case is a non-governmental initiative. The theoretical framework of information ecology is used in analyzing the cases. \ \ Based on the findings, we formulate three propositions that show important elements of ecosystems to approach resilience. The study suggests that coevolution is a key to respond to constantly changing situations during a disaster. To accomplish ecosystem coevolution, creating a collaboration system with governments and local communities and embedding local knowledge into the system are essential. Furthermore, digital tools can play a critical role in the coevolution process. \
Pages/Duration: 10 pages
ISBN: 978-0-9981331-0-2
DOI: 10.24251/HICSS.2017.300
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Government and Disaster Resilience Minitrack

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