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Securing Birth Certificate Documents with DNA Profiles

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Title: Securing Birth Certificate Documents with DNA Profiles
Authors: Tannian, Mark
Schweikert, Christina
Liu, Ying
Keywords: biometric
birth certificate
identity assurance
Issue Date: 04 Jan 2017
Abstract: The birth certificate is a document used by a person to obtain identification and licensing documents throughout their lifetime. For identity verification, the birth certificate provides limited information to support a person’s claim of identity. Authentication to the birth certificate is strictly a matter of possession. DNA profiling is becoming a commodity analysis that can be done accurately in under two hours with little human intervention. The DNA profile is a superior biometric to add to a birth record because it is stable throughout a person’s life and beyond. Acceptability of universal DNA profiling will depend heavily on privacy and safety concerns. This paper uses the U.S. FBI CODIS profile as a basis to discuss the effectiveness of DNA profiling and to provide a practical basis for a discussion of potential privacy and authenticity controls. As is discussed, adopting DNA profiles to improve document security should be done cautiously.
Pages/Duration: 10 pages
ISBN: 978-0-9981331-0-2
DOI: 10.24251/HICSS.2017.290
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Cybersecurity and Government Minitrack

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