Data Integration and Predictive Analysis System for Disease Prophylaxis

Date
2017-01-04
Authors
Erraguntla, Madhav
Freeze, John
Delen, Dursun
Madanagopal, Karthic
Mayer, Ric
Khojasteh, Jam
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Abstract
The goal of the Data Integration and Predictive Analysis System (IPAS) is to enable prediction, analysis, and response management for incidents of infectious diseases. IPAS collects and integrates comprehensive datasets of previous disease incidents and potential influencing factors to facilitate multivariate, predictive analytics of disease patterns, intensity, and timing. IPAS supports comprehensive epidemiological analysis - exploratory spatial and temporal correlation, hypothesis testing, prediction, and intervention analysis. Innovative machine learning and predictive analytical techniques like support vector machines (SVM), decision tree-based random forests, and boosting are used to predict the disease epidemic curves. Predictions are then displayed to stakeholders in a disease situation awareness interface, alongside disease incidents, syndromic and zoonotic details extracted from news sources and medical publications. Data on Influenza Like Illness (ILI) provided by CDC was used to validate the capability of IPAS system, with plans to expand to other illnesses in the future. This paper presents the ILI prediction modeling results as well as IPAS system features.
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Keywords
Data integration, predictive analysis, disease prophylaxis, infectious diseases, influenza
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