Participation and retention within a predominantly Asian adult ESL population in Honolulu, Hawai'i

Date
2004
Authors
Gammon, Roderick A.
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Abstract
This study quantifies adult student participation and retention in an English as a Second Language (ESL) program in Honolulu, Hawaii. Within the prior literature, American quantitative participation studies often under-represent non-Spanish or English-speaking populations. The retention literature is commonly qualitative and considers binomial retention. Using data gathered by the institution’s testing system, the discussion in this paper therefore first asks, how does the observed population (N = 918; n = 594), which is largely Asian, compare to the national population? Second, what predictors can be identified relevant to multinomial retention? In brief, the population is younger and better educated, but less often employed than the national population. Logistic regression analyses indicate that class type and prior diploma predict withdrawal within two weeks with 68.60% accuracy. However despite significant model fits (p < .005), overall predictive ability ranged between 51.30% and 66.00% for assessed models.
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