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Item Summary

Contributors:Wakene, Sosu (speaker)
Ratu, Hilarius (recorder)
Danerek, H. Stefan (researcher)
Danerek, H. Stefan (depositor)
Ratu, Hilarius (consultant)
Date Issued:22 Aug 2014
Description:Genre: Narrative adat/ritual. Title: Tao Bhali. Sosu Wakene (b. 1930), kampong Ndeo, recorded by Hilarius Ratu in Ratu's home around noon 22 Aug 2014, one of his first recording sessions, using only the H4N Zoom, as it was just before I had purchased the AR2020 mic. Sosu recounts a traditional oath, Tao Bhali, used in disputes about ownership to things or land, to settle who is right and who is wrong. It uses water, paddy (raw unpolished rice grains), eggs, and 'bhali' (the water boiled). The two who are challenging each other, having a dispute, will swear on the ancestors and then put the arm into the pot, and the one who is wrong will hurt his skin badly. Sosu has himself experienced this ritual, which is not, to my knowledge, performed anymore. See also the similar Cele wae, that Sosu also told about. See also the similar Cele wae, in SD1-116, that Sosu also told about. Sosu is also known as Sosu Karapaune (Buffalo Sosu), because he is the care taker of the Ndeo domain's buffalo for the five years from the ritual Pua Karapau (Bringing buffalo) until Pati Karapau (Cutting Buffalo), when the agricultural cycle ends, to begin again. Photo in SD1-093.
Appears in Collections: Stefan Danerek Collection - Palu'e Audio

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