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The Effects of Task, Time, and Rule Knowledge of Grammar Performance for Three English Structures
|Title:||The Effects of Task, Time, and Rule Knowledge of Grammar Performance for Three English Structures|
|Authors:||Grigg, Thomas J.|
|Contributors:||University of Hawaii at Manoa. Department of English as a Second Language. (department)|
|Abstract:||This paper reports on a task variation experiment repeated measures design to investigate the effects|
using a of time, task, and rule knowledge on the performance of three English structures by non-native speakers of English. The design and procedures used are similar to studies by Hulstijn and Hulstijn (1984), Tarone (1985b, 1982), and Bialystok (1982).
MANOVA and ANOVA analyses indicate time had a significant effect on performance for two oral production tasks. Four tasks (2 oral and 2 written) ranged from more "automatic" to less automatic or "controlled" (see Chaudron, 1985 for a discussion of task types). Tasks 1 - 4 elicited significantly different performance levels. Task 5, rule knowledge (full, partial, or none at all), had a significant correlation with only one of the four other tasks.
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