The Language of Entry-Level Job Interviews

Date
1985
Authors
Arago, Marybeth
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Abstract
The need for data-based studies of language use extends throughout the field of ESP. Such studies are needed to assess learners' needs with any degree of accuracy. In response to this need for data-based studies of language use, a study was undertaken to gather information on entry-level job interview for the design of Vocational ESL materials. Eight entry-level interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed. Two NS interviewers at different job sites participated in the study; each interviewer interviewed two NSs and two NNSs. The transcribed interviews were analyzed to identify discourse features such as topics, lexical items and certain syntactic structures, as well as to determine the frequencies of these features. The structure of entry-level job interviews was determined, based on both the entry-level interview data and a surveryof related literature. A literature survey also provided information on the conventions that have been established for interaction in job interviews. Finally, the communicative behhaviors of the applicats were examined in light of this information, in order to ascertain the particular needs of the target group.The need for data-based studies of language use extends throughout the field of ESP. Such studies are needed to assess learners' needs with any degree of accuracy. In response to this need for data-based studies of language use, a study was undertaken to gather information on entry-level job interview for the design of Vocational ESL materials. Eight entry-level interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed. Two NS interviewers at different job sites participated in the study; each interviewer interviewed two NSs and two NNSs. The transcribed interviews were analyzed to identify discourse features such as topics, lexical items and certain syntactic structures, as well as to determine the frequencies of these features. The structure of entry-level job interviews was determined, based on both the entry-level interview data and a surveryof related literature. A literature survey also provided information on the conventions that have been established for interaction in job interviews. Finally, the communicative behhaviors of the applicats were examined in light of this information, in order to ascertain the particular needs of the target group.
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Keywords
interviews jobs, discourse analysis, esl, indochinese refugees, vocational esl, lexical, syntactic structures
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