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The politics of military reform in post-Suharto Indonesia : elite conflict, nationalism, and institutional resistance

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Item Summary Mietzner, Marcus 2008-11-19T18:33:52Z 2008-11-19T18:33:52Z 2006
dc.description For more about the East-West Center, see <a href=""></a>
dc.description.abstract This study discusses the process of military reform in Indonesia after the fall of Suharto's New Order regime in 1998. The extent of Indonesia's progress in this area has been the subject of heated debate, both in Indonesia and in Western capitals. Human rights organizations and critical academics, on the one hand, have argued that the reforms implemented so far have been largely superficial, and that Indonesia's armed forces remain a highly problematic institution. Foreign proponents of military assistance to Indonesia, on the other hand, have asserted that the military has undergone radical change, as evidenced by its complete extraction from political institutions. This study evaluates the state of military reform eight years after the end of authoritarian rule, pointing to both significant achievements and serious shortcomings. Although the armed forces in the new democratic polity no longer function as the backbone of a powerful centralist regime and have lost many of their previous privileges, the military has been able to protect its core institutional interests by successfully fending off demands to reform the territorial command structure. As the military's primary source of political influence and off-budget revenue, the persistence of the territorial system has ensured that the Indonesian armed forces have not been fully subordinated to democratic civilian control. This ambiguous transition outcome so far poses difficult challenges to domestic and foreign policymakers, who have to find ways of effectively engaging with the military to drive the reform process forward.
dc.format.extent x, 86 pages
dc.language.iso en-US
dc.publisher Washington, D.C.: East-West Center Washington
dc.relation.ispartofseries East-West Center (Washington, D.C.). Policy studies ; 23
dc.subject.lcsh Indonesia - Armed Forces - Reorganization
dc.subject.lcsh Civil-military relations - Indonesia
dc.subject.lcsh Indonesia - Military policy
dc.title The politics of military reform in post-Suharto Indonesia : elite conflict, nationalism, and institutional resistance
dc.type.dcmi Text
Appears in Collections: East-West Center (Washington, D.C.). Policy Studies

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