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Making conservation work : linking rural livelihoods and protected area management in Bangladesh

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Title:Making conservation work : linking rural livelihoods and protected area management in Bangladesh
Contributors:Fox, Jefferson (editor)
Bushley, Bryan R. (editor)
Dutt, Sugato (editor)
Quazi, Shimona A. (editor)
LC Subject Headings:Rural development - Bangladesh
Conservation of natural resources - Bangladesh
Non-timber forest products - Bangladesh
National parks and reserves - Bangladesh - Management
National parks and reserves - Public use - Bangladesh
Date Issued:2007
Publisher:Honolulu: East-West Center; Dhaka: Nishorgo Program of the Bangladesh Forest Department
Abstract:Bangladesh is among the poorest and most densely populated nations in the world. The difficulties that Bangladesh Forest Department officials face in promoting the conservation of flora and fauna are among the most severe found anywhere. The papers included in this book point to several important conclusions about linkages between rural communities and conservation in protected area management. First, they suggest that strategies to link rural livelihoods and conservation are not a universal panacea for conservation problems. Promoting the management and even domestication of non-timber forest products may give local communities incentives for protecting these species, but this may have little or no impact on overall habitat conservation. Second, the papers suggest that no one strategy will work everywhere and indeed, probably no one strategy can work on its own at any given site. Generally, the case studies illustrate the importance of developing constructive ways of involving local stakeholders in conservation and sustainable resource use practices based on the goals, interests, and understanding of the people living in and around the protected areas. The studies confirm that protected areas cannot be managed successfully on the basis of simple and incorrect assumptions about how local people use natural resources. Rather, the authors of the case studies unanimously argue for incorporating local people and their knowledge into park management decisions through some type of co-management system. This joint applied research project of the East-West Center and the Nishorgo Program of the Bangladesh Forest Department encouraged students, lecturers, professors, and Forest Department officials to conduct field research on the impacts and implications of protected areas on the livelihoods of people living in and around protected areas. The papers in this volume are the results of this initiative. The applied research process was led by Dr. Jefferson Fox of the East-West Center of Honolulu, Hawaii, in collaboration with the Nishorgo Program of the Bangladesh Forest Department. Researchers were selected based on a competitive grant award process. The research effort was coordinated by the Nishorgo Support Project, a Project of the Forest Department, with financing from the Government of Bangladesh and USAID. The Nishorgo Support Project receives technical assistance from IRG of Washington DC/USA and its partner NGOs, CODEC, RDRS, NACOM and IUCN/Bangladesh.
Description:For more about the East-West Center, see
Table of Contents:Introduction: Linking rural livelihoods and protected areas in Bangladesh / Jefferson Fox -- Improving forest dependent livelihoods through NTFPs and home gardens: a case study from Satchari National Park / Mohammad Belal Uddin, Sharif Ahmed Mukul -- Assessing the role of non-timber forest products in the livelihoods of communities living inside and outside of Lawachara National Park / Sayeed Mahmud Riadh -- Non-timber forest products and co-management: a case study of Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary / Md. Rahimullah Miah -- Collection and management of selected medicinal plants in Rema-Kalenga Wildlife Sanctuary / Mohammad Zashim Uddin, Snigdha Roy -- Local perceptions of natural resource conservation in Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary / Muhammad Ala Uddin, Abu Shadat Ahmed Foisal -- Linking fuelwood collection and community livelihoods in Satchari National Park / Rafiqa Sultana -- Perceptions of tourism by indigenous communities living in and adjoining Lawachara National Park / Md. Modinul Ahsan -- Comparing the impacts of local people and Rohingya refugees on Teknaf Game Reserve / Mohammed Salim Uddin, Mohammed Abu Sayed Arfin Khan
Pages/Duration:176 p.
Appears in Collections: E-W Center Books, Reports, and Other Printed Media

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