Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10125/34006

Prehistoric Plant Use at Beaver Creek Rock Shelter, Southwestern Montana, U.S.A.

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Title:Prehistoric Plant Use at Beaver Creek Rock Shelter, Southwestern Montana, U.S.A.
Authors:Dexter, Darla
Martin, Kathleen
Travis, Lauri
Date Issued:2014
Publisher:Botany Department, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Citation:Dexter, D., Martin, K., Travis, L. 2014. Prehistoric Plant Use at Beaver Creek Rock Shelter, Southwestern Montana, U.S.A.. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 12: 355-384.
Abstract:The 2011 Carroll College Archaeological Field School conducted an exploratory excavation within the Beaver Creek Rock Shelter in southwestern Montana, U.S.A. The excavation exposed four cultural occupation layers dat-ing to over 2,500 years ago. Pollen retrieved from the pa-leoenvironmental record included a wide variety of plants. Seven plant families were found in three of the occupa-tion layers and in only one natural layer. This research reviewed the traditional Native American ethnobotanical uses of those seven plant families. They were used pri-marily for medicinal purposes. Although archaeologists have traditionally viewed botanical remains as evidence of prehistoric subsistence, this research demonstrates ar-chaeologists’ need to use caution in assuming plant re-mains in the archaeological record are predominately tied to subsistence.
Pages/Duration:30 pages
URI/DOI:http://hdl.handle.net/10125/34006
ISSN:1547-3465
Appears in Collections: 2014 - Volume 12 : Ethnobotany Research and Applications


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