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Evaluate the Benefits of Insectary Plants for Sustainable Crop Production in Hawaii

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Title:Evaluate the Benefits of Insectary Plants for Sustainable Crop Production in Hawaii
Authors:Ng, Cheuk Ying
Contributors:Wang, Koon-Hui (advisor)
Interdisciplinary Studies (department)
Date Issued:26 Sep 2014
Publisher:University of Hawaii at Manoa
Abstract:Insect pests are causing major crop loss in agriculture crop production. Insecticide use is one of the popular solution to insect pests. Many others also see it helps of increasing crop productivity. Insecticides is widely used in industry, agriculture, and resident home. Both organic and synthetic insecticides can have negative impact on our natural ecosystem. While organophosphate and carbamate are harmful to human beings, many National Organic Program (NOP) compliant insecticides are still hazardous to pollinators, natural enemies or aquatic invertebrates. Continuous use of NOP compliant insecticides could result in a pesticide treadmill, and potentially lead to a buildup of insect resistance to insecticides. Approximately 65 million pounds of insecticides are used per year (Grube et al., 2011). Although insecticides are not the main culprit, overuse of pesticide is responsible for soil degradation. According to the International Soil Reference and Information Centre World Soil Information data, 46.4% of the soil is facing a significant loss of productivity and 0.5% suffers from seriously damage and completely loses its function (Omuto, et al., 2013). Development of non-chemical based insect pest management strategies not only could mitigate the above mentioned problems, but could also reduce external inputs for agriculture production which has been the top priorities of Hawai’i food crop production.
Pages/Duration:23 pages
Rights:All UHM Honors Projects are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Honors Projects for Interdisciplinary Studies

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